Dating holidays russia
The first Julian calendar was printed in Russia in 1709.
Up to the end of the 15th century, the Russian year began on March 1. at which point Peter the Great changed the date of the new year to January 1.
However, since 1940, the country has been using the Gregorian calendar with 7-day weeks.
The Orthodox calendar features many religious events including feast and fast days.
The four main fast periods include Lent or the Great Feast, the Fast of the Apostles which lasts 1-6 weeks, the Fast of the Repose of the Virgin Mary and the long Christmas Feast which lasts from November 15 to December 24.
The Russian New Year is the most celebrated holiday, but many Russians also celebrate Mayday or Spring and Labour Day.
The new calendar changed all existing weeks and replaced religious feasts and holy days with 5 national public holidays associated with the Revolution.
From 1931-1940, the Russian calendar had only six-day weeks.
Some Russian holidays have long histories as traditional parts of Russian culture, and some are modern, international holidays.
Many Russian Orthodox holidays have become more than just religious holidays, and are celebrated by many types of people.